Tie-down, Load Security

The Statutory Framework: Road Traffic Act, German Commercial Code and German Accident Avoidance Regulation

The Road Traffic Act, the Commercial Code, as well as the Occupational Safety and Health Act and Accident Prevention Regulations of the professional associations, assign a particular responsibility to you as a driver of the vehicle for the correct securing of loads for transportation in the semi-trailer. Why you? Because you drive the load to its destination and are in close contact with the load during transportation. You therefore have the best overview of the security measures required. Furthermore, you are more familiar with your vehicle. A large vested interest is assumed to you for good load security, because in case of doubt, your welfare depends on whether you have taken the correct safety measures. Needless to say, of course, that your trailer must be safely built and equipped (§§ 22 Para. 1 and 37 Para. 4 UVV), so that you can correctly secure the load. This is why sections 30 and 31 of the German Road Traffi c Regulations also mention the vehicle owner’s obligations and why section 22 refers to the loading process.

Road Traffic Act (§ 22 StVO)
Paragraph 1: The load, including devices for securing the load (...), must be stored and secured so that they cannot slip, fall down or generate unavoidable noise during full braking or sudden evasion movements (…). Thereby, all acknowledged rules of technology must be observed.


Road Traffic Act (§ 23 StVO)
Paragraph 1: The driver is responsible for making sure that his vision and hearing is not impaired (...) by the load (...). The driver must also make sure that (...) the loads (...) are loaded as specified and that the road safety of the vehicle is not impaired by the load (...) (...).


Commercial Code (§ 412 HGB)
Paragraph 1: Unless otherwise stated from the circumstances or common usage, the despatcher must load, stow and secure (loading) and unloading, the goods for safe carriage. The carrier must make sure of safe loading.


The Statutory Framework: Road Traffic Act, German Commercial Code and German Accident Avoidance Regulation

Accident prevention regulations (§ 22 UVV)
Paragraph 1: Vehicle bodies must be designed so that they secure the load (...) against sliding, rolling, falling down (...) during the intended use (...). If security of a load is not ensured solely by the vehicle body, auxiliary equipment must be available to secure the load. (...). 


(§ 37 UVV)
Paragraph 4: The load must be stowed, as required also secured, so that under normal traffic conditions there is no risk to persons.